It is well-known that a series of product tests are a must for those factories…
Tensile testing machines, also called universal material testing machines, are testing machines that test the mechanical properties of various materials (such as metals, plastics, rubber, textiles, synthetic chemicals, wires and cables, leather, etc.) for tensile, compression, bending, shear, peel, etc. They are widely used in various industries.
In this article, we will explain the tensile testing machine application (industry and material) and classification (type and standard) in detail, which is a complete list to help you determine what kind of tensile testing machine is appropriate.
Table of Contents
Application List of Tensile Testing Machine: Industries and Materials
The tensile testing machine is widely used in measurement and quality inspection, civil aviation, automobile production, machinery manufacturing, electronics and electrical appliances, textile and chemical fiber, rubber and plastic, packaging materials, building materials and ceramics and other industries, the following is a brief introduction to the main applications of tensile testing machine in several industries.
For the automotive industry, the tensile testing machine mainly tests the rationality and safety of the car design, parameters of interest include material stiffness, component testing, joint technology, fatigue and material forming.
For the engine and drivetrain, testing of clutches, chains, high-temperature materials and crankshafts is required. For the body, it needs to test the steering column and linkage, springs and shock absorbers, bumper impact and stiffness, door fasteners, windows and door seals, etc. For interior design, testing is needed for seat belt stretch, head restraints, car seat firmness and durability. For electronic component design, need to test buttons and switches, soldering and PCB board reliability, insulation of wires, etc.
Civil Engineering / Construction
For the civil engineering and construction industries, a tensile testing machine is required to perform mechanical tests to confirm that the material is reliable and safe and within design limits.
Construction materials and structures include minerals, plastics, wood, metals and composites for roads, bridges, civil engineering structures and buildings. They are used in a variety of forms, including powders, blocks, bulk goods, foils, panels and stones. Testing facilities require servo-controlled test systems for compression, tensile, fatigue and fracture testing of concrete, reinforcing steel, beams and other construction materials.
For circuit devices and circuit boards, tensile testing machines primarily tests for mechanical strain and fatigue life. Testing the mechanical durability and integrity of electronic components and assemblies is important to validate designs, improve manufacturing, and ensure the reliability of the final product.
Using the tensile testing machine for a variety of tests, including adhesive, joint, interconnect and package testing. Tests include adhesive peel, micro-bending, indentation and die shear, and component testing includes contact spring durability, cycling and fatigue testing of handset components.
Packaging and packaging materials are designed to withstand a number of stresses and forces that are expected to occur during transportation, but most commonly those caused by compression, vibration, shock and changes in climatic conditions. The use of a tensile testing machine to test packaging is dedicated to preserving products during transport and ensuring that these products are of the highest possible quality.
To achieve this goal, a wide variety of products and materials need to be tested by using the tensile testing machine. These materials include, but are not limited to, cardboard, paper, plastic, wood, foam, metal, boxes, crates, strapping, insulation, tape, and pallets. Each of these items has advantages and disadvantages, and specific testing procedures are required to determine if they provide a suitable means to ensure the safety of the product during transportation.
Tensile testing machines continue to play a strategic role in the ongoing effort to improve the performance and compatibility of new biomaterials and improved medical devices. The tensile testing machine is commonly used to conduct biomedical research and medical device development and product validation.
The tensile testing machine can test the mechanical properties of a variety of materials, such as rubber, foam, plastic, wire and cable, seat belts, insurance belts, leather belts composite materials, steel pipes, spring steel, stainless steel, castings, steel plates, non-ferrous metal wire and other materials, the following will be a simple classification of these materials as follows.
An adhesive is a substance that creates a bond between material surfaces. Adhesives may commonly take the form of glues, pastes, laminates, cements, mortars or backings for tapes and seals.
Many adhesives are subjected to a variety of forces during their use, but most commonly experience shear, stretch, peel or any combination of these forces, and they are the primary cause of adhesive failure. Therefore, the strength of the adhesive needs to be expressed by testing these forces on a tensile testing machine.
Ceramics are composed of compounds of metals and non-metals and may be crystalline or partially crystalline. Ceramics are characterized by being brittle, hard and compressible, but weak in shear, tensile and impact. These materials are very resistant to corrosion and high temperatures, and can be designed to be electrically insulating or selectively conductive.
In general, ceramic testing involves a range of mechanical properties of the material, including yield strength, ultimate strength, tensile strength, compressive strength, flexural strength, fracture strength, hardness, fracture resistance, and creep rate. With this test data provided by the tensile testing machine, it is possible to predict the expected behavior of the ceramic during application and to show whether it will succeed or fail.
Composites are made up of two materials; a matrix and a reinforcement. Most composites use a polymer matrix material or resin and the reinforcing material is usually a fiber, but may also be a ground mineral.
The tensile testing machine is also widely used in composite materials, such as the common resin, for example, common resins include epoxy resins, polyesters, vinyl esters and shape memory polymer (SMP) resins. Common fibers include glass fibers, carbon fibers, and Kevlar. Fiber-reinforced composites include short fiber reinforcements and continuous fiber reinforcements, which are used in layered or laminated structures.
A geotextile is a permeable geosynthetic consisting of textiles. Geotextiles are used with foundations, soils, earth and rock materials to prevent erosion of soils and similar materials in the area after they have been altered by construction, usually in connection with civil engineering applications such as roads, pavements, bridges, embankments and retaining walls. They allow water to pass through, but not soil and other materials.
In order to determine the suitability of a geotextile material for a particular application, it must be properly tested on a tensile testing machine. The most common forces that geotextiles are subjected to during application are tension and puncturing. Each of these forces can cause premature geotextile failure, which can lead to catastrophic events.
Glass is a non-crystalline solid material that is usually brittle and is mostly used in windows, bottles, electronics and eyeglasses, including soda lime glass, borosilicate glass, acrylic glass, sugar glass, and aluminum oxide.
Alternatively, glass can also refer to amorphous solids and melts, including plastics and resins. These applications include flat glass, container glass, optoelectronic materials, laboratory equipment, glass-reinforced plastics and glass-reinforced concrete reinforcing fibers. The mechanical properties of the glass can be understood by the data provided by the tensile testing machine test.
Metals are hard, strong and tough, and by their nature, are plastic, fusible and malleable, meaning they can be formed into desired shapes without cracking or breaking.
The most common tests used in testing metallic materials include stiffness modulus, shear strength, bending strength and fatigue strength, as well as time-dependent quantities such as creep and stress relaxation. The test data provided by a tensile testing machine gives an idea of the behavior that a metallic material may exhibit during the life of the load and application.
Force requirements for paper testing are relatively low, with most applications requiring less than 1kN. Functional testing of boxes, cores, pallets and corrugated paper often requires higher forces.
Tensile testing of wet samples often requires load cells with low force values (1N, or 0.2lbf), and two-point bending testing of paper and cardboard requires load cells with up to 10N (2.25lbf). A 250N (56.2lbf) load cell can handle a typical four-point bend test for corrugated board, a dry stretch test for paper, and an extrusion test, all these need to be done by the tensile testing machine
Plastics are materials composed of organic polymers and additives, plastic materials are used in a wide range of applications. The more common forms of plastics and their applications are styrene foam or styrofoam, used for insulation and packaging; polyvinyl chloride, used in plumbing; and nylon, a soft but strong material used in the apparel industry.
Typically, the desirable properties of plastic products are low cost, low weight, high toughness, high elasticity and ductility, and high strength in tension, compression, bending, twisting, and shear. These properties are determined by the chemical composition of the material components used to produce plastics, depending on their molecular weight, hardness, density, and resistance to heat and solvents, these data are obtained by testing on a tensile testing machine
Rubber and elastomers are polymers that exhibit a degree of viscoelasticity and can deform considerably when subjected to forces and still return to their original shape when external forces are unloaded. Rubber has a wide range of uses, including but not limited to seals, belts, restraints, straps, plugs, coatings and shock absorbers. Due to its flexibility and strength, it is often used in automotive, medical and other similar industries.
Tensile testing machine tests for rubber materials include tensile, compression, adhesion and impact tests to determine modulus of elasticity, tensile and compressive strength, reduction in elongation or fracture area, how it responds to impact forces and adhesion between the elastomer and reinforcement material. These characteristics define the expected limits of the test material and thus describe how the rubber or elastomer will behave under stress.
Textiles are materials made up of flexible strands, filaments, or fibers that are woven, knitted, or braided. Textiles, also commonly referred to as fabrics and cloths, are used in a wide range of industries from apparel to biomedical to aerospace.
The mechanical properties of textiles are tested to determine their mechanical properties under specific conditions and whether different materials are needed. These properties depend on the material of the fibers and their physical geometry, and generally speaking, tensile testing machine tests are divided into the following categories: tensile, bending, friction and tearing
Wood and timber are naturally occurring organic materials that consist of cellulose fibers embedded in a lignin matrix, making them a very strong material in both tension and compression. Most wood products are used in construction, furniture and general merchandising, therefore the most common tensile testing machine tests include ultimate or breaking strength in tension, compression and bending.
There are two types of wood products: natural and engineered. Natural wood is obtained directly from naturally growing trees, while engineered wood is man-made and is made from fibers harvested from natural wood and bound together using laminates or glue.
List of Tensile Testing Machine Classifications: Test Types and Test Standards
For a given material or component, a tensile testing machine can test their mechanical properties by a variety of methods, each test method or test type will reveal different behaviors and characteristics. The following will describe the 6 main test types of the tensile testing machine, which can help you indicate which test type is required for your application.
- Bend Test by a tensile testing machine
- Torsion Test by a tensile testing machine
- Compression Test by a tensile testing machine
- Fatigue Test by a tensile testing machine
- Peel Test by a tensile testing machine
- Tensile Test by a tensile testing machine
The bending test deforms the test material at the midpoint, resulting in the formation of a concave surface or bend without fracture, which is commonly used to determine the ductility or fracture resistance of the material. Rather than loading the material until it fails, the bending test deforms the sample into a specific shape. Bending tests are as popular as tensile tests, compression tests, and fatigue tests.
Generally, bending tests are performed on metals or metallic materials, but can be applied to any substance that can undergo plastic deformation, such as polymers and plastics. These materials can come in any feasible shape, but when used for bending tests, the most common are sheets, strips, rods, shells and tubes. Bending test are typically used for materials with an acceptably high degree of ductility.
What are the common bend testing applications?
- Isometric bending test of silicon wafer material | tensile testing machine
- Bending test of wood products with three-point bending fixture | tensile testing machine
- Flexible bending test for electronic products | tensile testing machine
- Guided bending test of metal welding seam | tensile testing machine
- Metal ductility bending test | tensile testing machine
- Ductility bending test of weld seam | tensile testing machine
- Weld strength testing using guided bending and stretching fixtures | tensile testing machine
- Static bending test for wood products | ASTM D1037
- Static bending test for wood | ASTM D143
What are the common bend test standards?
- ASTM A370 Test Method and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
- ASTM C1018 Flexural Toughness and First-Crack Strength of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete
- ASTM C1161 Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
- ASTM C1499 Monotonic Equibiaxial Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
- ASTM C158 Test Methods for Strength of Glass by Flexure
- ASTM C393 Test Method for Core Shear Properties of Sandwich Constructions by Beam Flexure
- ASTM C580 Test Method for Flexural Strength and Modulus of Elasticity of ChemicalResistant Mortars, Grouts, Monolithic Surfacings, and Polymer Concretes
- ASTM C947 Test Method for Flexural Properties of Thin-Section Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Concrete
- ASTM D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber
- ASTM D2344 Short-Beam Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Their Laminates
- ASTM D6272 Test Method for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials by Four-Point Bending
- ASTM D7249 Test Method for Facing Properties of Sandwich Constructions by Long Beam Flexure
- ASTM D747 Apparent Bending Modulus of Plastics by Means of a Cantilever Beam
- ASTM D7774 Test Method for Flexural Fatigue Properties of Plastics
- ASTM D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
- ASTM F394 Standard Specification for Steel Transmission Tower Bolts, Zinc-Coated and Bare
- ISO 6872 Dentistry – Ceramic materials (Incorporates Amendment A1: 2018)
- ISO 7438 Metallic materials – Bend test
- IPC JEDEC 9702 Monotonic Bend Testing Interconnects – Board Level
Torsion testing is the application of a specific force to twist a material or test part to a specific degree or until the material fails in the twist. Torsional force for the torsion test is applied to the test specimen by fixing one end so that it cannot move or rotate and applying a torque to the other end so that the sample rotates about its axis. The rotational torque may also be applied to both ends of the sample, but the ends must rotate in opposite directions.
The purpose of the torsion test is to determine the mechanical properties exhibited by the material or test specimen when twisted or subjected to torsional forces, primarily the modulus of elasticity in shear, yield shear strength, torsional fatigue life, ductility, ultimate shear strength and shear modulus of rupture.
What are the common torsion testing applications?
- Torque Testing of Plastics | tensile testing machine
- Torque Testing of Bone Screws | tensile testing machine
- Torsion testing of electric wires | tensile testing machine
- Torque Testing of Engineering Composites | tensile testing machine
- Torsion test of static axial load | tensile testing machine
- Torsional strength test of steel wire | tensile testing machine
What are the common torsion test standards?
- ASTM A938 Test Method for Torsion Testing of Wire
- ASTM D1043 Stiffness Properties of Plastics as a Function of Temperature by Means of a Torsion Test
- ASTM D5279 Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Torsion
- ASTM E2207 Practice for Strain-Controlled Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing with Thin-Walled Tubular Specimens
- ASTM F383 Standard Practice For Static Bend And Torsion Testing Of Intramedullary Rods
- ASTM F543 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Metallic Medical Bone Screws
- ISO 7800 Metallic materials — Wire — Simple torsion test
The test sample is usually placed between two plates which distribute the applied load over the entire surface of the two opposing sides of the test sample, and these two plates are then pushed together by the tensile testing machine, causing the sample to be compressed. The compressed sample typically shortens in the direction of the applied force and expands in the direction perpendicular to the force. The compression test is essentially the opposite of the more common tensile test.
The purpose of compression testing is to determine the mechanical properties of a material when subjected to a compressive load by measuring fundamental variables such as strain, stress and deformation. Compression testing of materials allows the determination of compressive strength, yield strength, ultimate strength, elastic limit and modulus of elasticity, as well as other parameters.
What are the common compression testing applications?
- Compression test equipment and procedures for cellular foams | tensile testing machine
- Compression testing of steel stress-strain | tensile testing machine
- Compression test machine – biomedical hydrogel | tensile testing machine
- Compressive testing of cement mortar | tensile testing machine
- Compressive Strength Testing of Dimensional Stones | tensile testing machine
- Compressive testing of electronic keyboards and LCDs | tensile testing machine
- Compression testing of gasket materials | tensile testing machine
- How to choose ceramic for compression testing | tensile testing machine
- Compression testing of plastic composites | tensile testing machine
- Compression Testing of Plastic Composites | tensile testing machine
- Compression testing of plastics | tensile testing machine
- Compression properties of rigid cellular plastics (ISO 844 and ASTM D1621)
- Static and dynamic compression of rubber and elastomers
- Compression testing of electronic components
- Testing of electronic circuit boards and components
What are the common compression test standards?
- ASTM D575 Compression Test of Rubber
- ASTM D6641 Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials Using a Combined Loading Compression (CLC) Test Fixture
- ASTM D695 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics
- ASTM D7137 Test Method for Compressive Residual Strength Properties of Damaged Polymer Matrix Composite Plates
- ASTM D905 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
- ASTM E9 Compression Testing of Metallic Materials at Room Temperature
- ISO 14126 Fibre-reinforced plastic composites – Determination of compressive properties in the in-plane direction
- ISO 1856 Flexible Cellular Polymeric Materials Compression set
- ISO 604 Plastics – Determination of compressive properties
- ISO 844 Rigid cellular plastics – Determination of compression properties
Fatigue testing helps determine the ability of a material to withstand cyclic fatigue loading conditions. By design, materials are selected to meet or exceed the service loads expected in fatigue testing applications. Cyclic fatigue testing produces repeated loading and unloading, including tensile, compression, bending, torsion, or a combination of these stresses. Fatigue tests are typically loaded in tension-tension, compression-compression, and tension-compression and then reverse loaded.
Typically, the purpose of fatigue testing is to determine the life of a material under cyclic loading, however, fatigue strength and crack resistance are also commonly sought values. The fatigue life of a material is the total number of cycles that the material can withstand under a single loading scenario.
What are the common fatigue test applications?
- Fatigue testing of dental implants | tensile testing machine
- Fatigue Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites | tensile testing machine
- Fatigue Testing at Low Temperatures | tensile testing machine
- Fatigue testing of metal composites | tensile testing machine
- Fatigue testing of ceramic composites | tensile testing machine
- High cyclic fatigue (HCF) high strain rate of metals | tensile testing machine
- High elongation tensile and fatigue testing of silicone rubber | tensile testing machine
- Fatigue testing of honeycomb composites | tensile testing machine
- Low cycle fatigue testing of metals at high temperature | tensile testing machine
- Static and Fatigue Testing Applications for Metal Chains | tensile testing machine
- Rubber and elastomer fatigue testers | tensile testing machine
- Stainless steel fatigue low temperature testing | tensile testing machine
- Dynamic vibration isolator testing of rubber and elastomers | tensile testing machine
- Hydrodynamic fatigue test systems | tensile testing machine
What are the common fatigue test standards?
- ASTM C1368 Slow Crack Growth Parameters of Advanced Ceramics by Constant Stress-Rate Strength Testing at Ambient Temperature
- ASTM C394 Test Method for Shear Fatigue of Sandwich Core Materials
- ASTM D3479 Test Method for Tension-Tension Fatigue of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
- ASTM D7774 Test Method for Flexural Fatigue Properties of Plastics
- ASTM E2207 Standard Practice for Strain-Controlled Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing with Thin-Walled Tubular Specimens
- ASTM E2368 Standard Practice for Strain Controlled Thermomechanical Fatigue Testing
- ASTM E2714 Standard Test Method for Creep-Fatigue Testing
- ASTM E466 Standard Practice for Conducting Force Controlled Constant Amplitude Axial Fatigue Tests of Metallic Materials
- ASTM E467 Standard Practice for Verification of Constant Amplitude Dynamic Forces in an Axial Fatigue Testing System
- ASTM E606 Standard Test Method for Strain-Controlled Fatigue Testing
- ASTM E647 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates
- ISO 14801 Dentistry – Implants – Dynamic loading test for endosseous dental implants
- ISO 15024 Fibre-reinforced plastic composites – Determination of Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness, GIC, for unidirectionally reinforced materials
- ISO 7206 Hip Implants Tests
- NASM 1312-11 Tension Fatigue Test Procedure for Aeronautical Fasteners
The peel test is performed between two substrates that are bonded together with an adhesive. These substrates may be flexible or one may be flexible and the other rigid. The adhesive itself is usually in the form of a thin layer between the two substrates, such as an adhesive located on the underside of a piece of tape being placed on a steel plate.
In general, the purpose of peel testing is to determine the adhesive strength of the material. This bond strength may be referred to as the “stickiness” of the material because it is a measure of the resistance of the samples to separating from each other after the application of the adhesive. This measurement can be used to determine if the adhesive is as strong as needed and if a different adhesive or bonding process needs to be used.
What are the common peel test applications?
- Peel adhesion bond strength of coated materials
- Testing peel adhesion strength of labels and tapes
- Peel test for sandwich specimens
- 180 degree peel test for metal foil
- Textile peel test
- Touch and Close Fastener Peel Strength
- 180 degree peel test of plastic films
- Pressure sensitive adhesive and tape ring adhesion testing
- Tensile, shear and peel testing of epoxy resins and adhesives
- Adhesive strength of rubber to textile
- Peel strength of adhesives
- Coating adhesion of rubber or plastic coated fabrics
- Packaging Seal Strength Test Equipment
- Adhesion strength test of rubber to metal
What are the common peel test standards?
- ASTM B533 Test Method for Peel Strength of Metal Electroplated Plastics
- ASTM C794 Test Method for Adhesion-in-Peel of Elastomeric Joint Sealants
- ASTM D1781 Test Method for Climbing Drum Peel for Adhesives
- ASTM D1876 Test Method for Peel Resistance of Adhesives (T-Peel Test)
- ASTM D2979 Test Method for Pressure-Sensitive Tack of Adhesives
- ASTM D3167 Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives
- ASTM D3330 Peel Adhesion Pressure Sensitive Adhesive Tapes
- ASTM D429 Test Methods for Rubber Propertymdash;Adhesion to Rigid Substrates
- ASTM D5170 Test Method for Peel Strength (“T” Method) of Hook and Loop Touch Fasteners
- ASTM D6252 Test Method for Peel Adhesion of Pressure-Sensitive Label Stocks at a 90 Angle
- ASTM D6862 Test Method for 90 Degree Peel Resistance of Adhesives
- ASTM D903 Test Method for Peel or Stripping Strength of Adhesive Bonds
- ASTM F88 Seal Strength Testing Equipment for Flexible Barrier Materials
- ISO 4578 Peel Resistance Testing Adhesives
One of the most basic mechanical tests that can be performed on a material is the tensile test. The tensile test is simple to set up and complete and reveals many properties of the material being tested. The tensile test is considered to be essentially the opposite of the compression test.
In general, the tensile test is used to determine the failure or fracture of a sample under load. Values that can be measured in tensile testing include, but are not limited to: tensile strength, ultimate strength, elongation, modulus of elasticity, yield strength, Poisson’s ratio, and strain hardening, and the test results reveal the properties of the material when subjected to tensile loading.
What are the common tensile test applications?
- Aramid yarn tensile test | tensile testing machine
- Cable proof load limit mechanical test equipment | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of composite laminates in environmental chambers | tensile testing machine
- Pull-through test equipment for composite fasteners | tensile testing machine
- High temperature tensile test of metal | tensile testing machine
- Tensile test equipment for fiber composite materials | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of fiber reinforced plastic composites | tensile testing machine
- Geotextile grab test equipment to measure fracture load and elongation | tensile testing machine
- Geotextile seam strength test | tensile testing machine
- Geotextile wide strip test | tensile testing machine
- Grey iron casting dumbbell sample – tensile testing
- How to choose equipment for tensile testing ceramics
- How to configure test equipment for tensile testing of plastic and polymer materials
- How to configure test equipment for tensile testing of metals
- How to plan tensile testing of wire crimping, soldering and plugs
- How to pull test cables and wire products
- How to select universal testers for rubber and elastomers
- How to understand tensile test results for paper
- Testing plastic materials for injection, extrusion and compression molding
- Fatigue, fracture and tensile test equipment for metal forging
- Tensile testing machine for monolithic ceramics
- ASTM D882 Tensile testing machine for plastic films｜Equipment
- Tensile testing of plastics and composites | ASTM D638 ISO 527
- Polyethylene HDPE MDPE LDPE Plastic | Tensile and Bending Test
- Pre-stressed concrete multi-wire strand tensile test
- Printed Circuit Board Pin Pull Test
- PVC Polyvinyl chloride material testing
- Steel tensile and bending test
- Tensile Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics (ISO 1926 & ASTM D1623)
- Rubber tensile stress-strain performance (ASTM D412 & ISO 37)
- Sheet metal R-value and N-value testing
- Single fiber carbon fiber tensile test equipment
- Tensile strength of single strand yarn
- Flexible foam | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of steel pipe
- Tensile test equipment for steel bars or rebar
- Stress-strain image correlation test|Engineering composite material focus
- Tensile testing of synthetic fiber ropes
- Tensile grip test for textile fabrics
- Tensile grabs – winches, pneumatic and wedge grabs for steel wire | tensile testing machine
- Tensile resistance of single strand yarns | tensile testing machine
- Tensile strength testing of fibers, threads, filaments or nanotubes | tensile testing machine
- Tensile strength testing of tissue engineered skin | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing machine for biological soft tissues
- Tensile testing machine for fiber composites
- Tensile testing machine for foam cellular plastics
- Tensile testing machine for rebar
- Tensile testing machine for wood and wood products
- Tensile testing machines for ceramics
- Tensile testing machines for steel products
- Tensile testing of contact lenses | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of aluminum and magnesium metal alloys | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of single fiber filaments | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of human hair | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing machines for plastics, polymers and composites | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of flexible polyurethane foams according to ASTM D3574 test E
- Tensile testing of foam honeycomb plastics | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of metal dog bone specimens | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of nickel-titanium wire | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing machine for plastic films according to ASTM D882
- Tensile Testing of Plastics and Composites | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of textile materials | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of thin metal foils | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of rubber｜ASTM D412 and ISO 37
- Tensile testing of rubber or plastic coated fabrics | tensile testing machine
- Testing of materials in radioactive hot cells | tensile testing machine
- Test method for textile fabric strips | tensile testing machine
- Textile grab test | tensile testing machine
- Textile seam strength test | tensile testing machine
- Textile stripe test | tensile testing machine
- Textile tensile test | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of thermoplastics and thermosets | tensile testing machine
- Tufted yarn floor covering bundling | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of webbing materials | tensile testing machine
- Tensile testing of wires, cables and cords | tensile testing machine
- Wire tensile testing standards. Wire connections for crimping, soldering and welding laminations
- Tensile testing machine for wood and timber
- Nail and screw pull-out test for wood products | ASTM D1037
- Tensile cracking test for wood | ASTM D143 | BS 373
- Yarn strength and elongation | tensile testing machine
What are the common tensile testing standards?
- ASTM A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
- ASTM A931 Test Method for Tension Testing of Wire Ropes and Strand
- ASTM A1044 Steel Stud Assemblies Test | Tensile Testing Machine
- ASTM C1135 Test Method for Determining Tensile Adhesion Properties of Structural Sealants
- ASTM D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber
- ASTM D1623 Test Method for Tensile and Tensile Adhesion Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
- ASTM D1708 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics by Use of Microtensile Specimens
- ASTM D2343 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Glass Fiber Strands, Yarns, and Rovings Used in Reinforced Plastics
- ASTM D3039 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
- ASTM D3217 Test Methods for Breaking Tenacity of Manufactured Textile Fibers in Loop or Knot Configurations
- ASTM D3759 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Pressure-Sensitive Tape
- ASTM D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers&x2014;Tension
- ASTM D4595 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Geotextiles by the Wide-Width Strip Method
- ASTM D4964 Test Method for Tension and Elongation of Elastic Fabrics (Tensile Testing Machine)
- ASTM D638 Tensile Testing for Plastics
- ASTM D7205 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Bars
- ASTM D828 Tensile Force Deflection of Paper and Paperboard
- ASTM D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
- ASTM E8 Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
- ISO 4587 Tensile Lap-Shear Strength of Rigid-to-Rigid Bonded Assemblies
The above are the details of the type and standards of the tensile testing machine, quickly collect, TESTEX will continue to update the textile testing information for you.