With our long year standing and counting in the manufacturing, testing and research industry, we’ve come to figure out a significant challenge that’s faced by buyers who buys textile testing equipment so far has been with difficulty in differentiating between textile and fabric.
From the earliest times, people have used fabrics of different types to cover, heat, personal adornments and even to exhibit personal wealth. But recently, fabrics are still used for these purposes, and everyone is a final consumer.
Depending on the weather, we use different types of fabrics, such as wool for winter, cotton for summer, etc. We also use an umbrella and a raincoat to protect us from the rain. These are also made from other types of fabrics that are commonly called textiles. Here, I will discuss the difference between textile and fabric from two aspects: the definition of name and the application of testing.
On the Definition of Name
In a narrow sense, textiles are the products of textile fiber that have been processed and woven, which can be divided into two categories: woven fabric and knitted fabric.
Broadly speaking, textiles are from spinning to weaving to manufactured goods, that is, all textile materials and manufactured goods, including:
1 Yarn, thread, natural silk, rayon, chemical fiber short-length silk, elastic silk, metal wire, and other textile raw materials.
2 Knitted fabrics, woven fabrics, non-woven fabrics, natural fur fabrics, plastic fabrics, industrial fabrics(for industrial textiles, such as canopy cloth, gun clothing, filter cloth, screen, roadbed cloth, etc.), agriculture, medical textiles and so on.
3 Clothing, clothing accessories, household textiles, decorative cloth products, gloves, hats, socks, bags, blankets, and other manufactured products.
4 Other Textiles: cloth toys, lighting, crafts, plastic products; hand crocheted, kraft silk, belts, ropes, belts, Sewing threads, Embroidery Thread, etc.
Three Classification methods of Textiles
1 According to the structure, the materials, processing technology, texture, appearance and main uses of textiles, it can be divided into 14 categories.
2 According to the use of textiles, it can be divided into clothing textiles, decorative textiles, industrial textiles.
3 According to the production of textiles, it can be divided into line, belt, chenille, woven fabric, and textile cloth, etc.
Fabric is a flat-film mass made up of fine-soft objects through intersecting, winding, and joining. Woven fabrics are made up of intersecting yarns. Knitted fabrics are made up of winding yarns. A non-woven fabric is made up of yarns connected to each other. The third fabric consists of yarns with an intersecting and winding relationship.
After many yarns constitute a stable relationship, it forms the fabric. Intersecting, winding and joining are three relationships that can make the yarns to form a stable structure. By analyzing the yarn group and its running direction, running rule and forming relationships in fabric, we can understand all kinds of fabrics clearly.
Fabrics are products made with different techniques such as knitting, weaving, crochet, etc. Most fabrics are woven or woven, but there is also another type of fabric called non-woven. Non-woven materials are produced by braiding, felting, twisting. However, all over the world, the fabric refers to the fabric used to make the dresses.
On the Test Application
If you are purchasing some testing equipment and still skeptical about how to differentiate between the fibre and textile. From the figure above, we can see that textiles are everywhere, from fiber to yarn, from cloth to clothing, from medical treatment to industry and various industries. If there is no strict quality test in the production process for the textile, we can’t imagine what our life will look like. Fabric testing is obviously only one aspect of textile testing, is a link to test the textile quality, but it is the most common and important link.
All in all, not all textile are fabric, while all fabric is textile.