I am sure most people reading this article will want to learn about the garment checking methods. I promise at the end of this article, you will understand what fabric test is, the definition of textile, textile texting and the testing instruments.
Garment checking is not a new term or task in the manufacturing of garment. The term garment checking is a very common task in the garment manufacturing industry. If you want to understand the method of garment checking, then ensure you read this article till the end.
If you work at Garment production, you will know that garments are always checked and inspected at various stages. The garment checking method is the steps and methods for testing garments quality before it is distributed. Before we can make a garment, we make use of fibres, yarns and fabric and finally the textile plays an important role in Garment quality. That is why we need to understand the concept of Textile testing. Garment checking method is the method of testing all what is used in making the garment. Garment checking simply encompasses checking and testing the textile quality, the fabric, the yarn and the fibre.
What is Textile?
In a narrow sense, textiles refer to two categories include woven fabrics and knitted fabrics.
Broadly speaking, according to the production process, textiles refer to spinning materials, weaving and textile finished products.
First, spinning materials include yarn, thread, natural silk, rayon, chemical fiber filament, stretch yarn and other textile materials.
Second, weaving includes knitted fabric, woven fabric, non-woven fabric, natural fur fabrics, plastic cloth, industrial fabrics (such as cover cloth, filter cloth, roadbed cloth, sieve mesh, etc.), medical textiles and so on.
Third, textile products mainly include clothing fabrics (clothing, shoes, hats, socks, scarves, etc.), decorative types fabrics (clothing accessories, bedding, towels, carpets, curtains, wall cloth, etc.), and industrial textiles (directly used in industrial, agricultural, commercial, cultural, educational, etc., such as cloth toys, lighting, handicrafts, embroidered threads, ropes, tape, belts, etc.).
The Concept of textile quality
Textile quality refers to the sum of various properties of textiles that meet the needs of people for use or further processing. Textiles have many properties, but only the properties which related to use constitute their quality. The use of textiles determines the conditions for their use, such as atmospheric composition, temperature and humidity of air, temperature and moisture regain of the fabric itself, radiation intensity of the sun, the degree of washing, the personality of the wearer (age, working activity, personal habits) and other conditions.
Different use conditions, people have different requirements for the quality of textiles. Therefore, the requirements of textile quality are not only related to the types of textiles but also have different quality requirements for the same textile, especially for multi-purpose textiles. For example, the coat emphasizes on the appearance style, sun fastness, anti-static, anti-pilling, anti-crease and so on, but does not take too much account of moisture absorption, sweat absorption and moisture permeability and soft comfort. However, these two characteristics are the most important requirements for underwear. On the contrary, the appearance style and light fastness are not attached importance to the use of underwear.
Taking cotton fiber as an example, the process of making clothes from cotton is divided into four steps: cotton is turned into yarn by spinning, yarn is turned into cloth by weaving, the embryo cloth is changed into cloth after finishing (mainly dyeing cloth), and the cloth is cut and sewn into clothes. In each step, we need to check the quality of the related products to ensure the smooth progress of the production process. The quality inspection corresponding to each step mainly includes the following contents.
The fibre test simply includes the
- Identification of the fibres
- grading the fibres
- Checking the fineness of fibre
- Testing for the strength and elongation
- Testing the maturity of the fibre and
- Testing the fibre length.
The yarn test
This is another important textile test to be carried out and it includes the
- Yarn count
- The strength
- The hairiness
- The evenness and regularity
- The appearance and
- The twist per unit length of the yarn.
This is another crème text in textile testing.
- The fabric test includes testing the strength and elongation
- The number of ends per unit length
- The design and construction of the cloth
- The air permeability the fabric weight per unit length
- The resistance and recovery of the fabric
- The design and construction of the fabric
- Permeability and count of yarn used etc.
Fabric test is carried out to confirm the quality of any fabric. Fabric test is of great importance in the textile industry and it cannot be omitted in the garment checking method.
The method of fabric testing gives manufacturer a procedure to follow to evaluate the fabric and textile that will be used for garment making in a consistent manner. Fabric test is the only way by which a consistent level of the playing field is achieved in regard to Textile Testing.
Fabric test can be carried out in internal labs owned by the factory or in an independent testing lab. Most times the retailer prefers the Fabric test to be done in the third party lab so the result won’t be manipulated if done internally and also to ensure that the proper fabric testing methods are used.
The major reason behind the Fabric test is to evaluate the quality of the garments being sold by apparel manufacturers, fashion wholesalers and retailers. The fabric test is carried out so the apparel industry is sure that the garment that they sell meets the International quality standard. Textile testing standards are set already and the methods of fabric test are in place to monitor and ensure that the standards developed are maintained. Textile texting is done to improve the quality of textiles and fabrics and also to achieve compliance with regional, retail-specific or international standards. A fashion industry that does not know about the method of Fabric test may have complaints as regards the quality of the fabric.
The textile testing (yarn test, fibre and fabric test) for the garment check cannot be done without the use of equipment and a different test may be carried out using different testing instruments.
The testing instrument used in textile and fabric test include
The Abrasion tester (used for determining resistance, of the fabric), the pilling tester (used for determining the degree of piling of the fabric), the snagging tester (for determining the resistance of the fabric), Impact penetration tester (to determine the resistance of the fabric to rain and water), Appearance testing Machine (for determining the recovery property of the fabric), the softness/stiffness tester (used for testing the degree of the comfort of the fabric), the fineness/ thickness/ length/density tester ( used for determining the thickness of the fabric, the fineness and the length of the fabric) etc.
There are other testing instruments that are not mentioned. Visit www.testextile.com to see more testing instruments that will be useful in your garment checking.
Garment checking method is the method of testing all what is used in making the garment. Garment checking method is the method of checking the garment from the beginning phase of the garment production to the end.